What does the word haemorrhage mean?
Bleeding; an escape of blood from the vessels. H. may take place on the exterior surface( External h.) or within the body( Internal h.). In origin it may be Spontaneous or Traumatic. Traumatic h. is Primary when it follows directly upon the receipt of a wound; Intermediary( or Recurring) when it occurs after the period of reaction, when the clots first formed are displaced by the reestablished circulation; and Secondary when it occurs a considerable time after the injury. In h. from an artery( Arterial h.) the blood is bright red and spurts out from the wound in a jet which shows rhythmical variations synchronous with the pulse-beat; in h. from a vein( Venous h.) the blood is dark and wells up in a steady stream( rhythmical variations, if present, being synchronous with the respiratory movements); in h. from the capillaries( Capillary., Parenchymatous h., oozing) there is a steady flow of reddish blood. SYMPTOMS of h.: pallor and coldness of skin, faintness or actual syncope, feebleness of the pulse and heart-beat, sighing or gasping respiration, and restlessness. TREATMENT: pressure on the bleeding point or the supplying vessel; application of heat( hot water) or cold( ice); cauterization, ligation, or torsion of bleeding vessels; styptics( alum, iron subsulphate, tannic acid, hydrogen peroxide); rest; elevation of the part; in syncope, lowering of head, bandaging of extremities( auto-transfusion), actual transfusion with blood or a saline solution; in internal h., gallic acid and acetate of lead internally.
Usage examples for haemorrhage
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