What does the word nitrogen mean?
A non-metallic element existing uncombined in the atmosphere; a colorless, tasteless, and odorless gas; sp. gr., 0. 9713; atomic weight, 14. 01; symbol, N. In composition it acts as a monad, triad, and pentad. It combines with hydrogen to form ammonia and the ammonium compounds, and is the essential constituent of the alkaloids. With the halogens it forms the very explosive N. bromide, N. chloride, and N. iodide. The oxides of n. are: N. monoxide( Nitrous oxide, Hyponitrous anhydride, laughing gas), N2O, a colorless gas of agreeable odor and sweetish taste, producing when inhaled a state of temporary asphyxiation and unconsciousness, which is utilized for the performance of minor operations. It combines with water to form the dibasic Hyponitrous acid, H2N2O2. N. dioxide, Nitric oxide, NO, is a colorless gas. N. trioxide, Nitrous anhydride, N2O3, is a reddish gas which combines with water to form Nitrous acid( q. v.). N. tetroxide, N. peroxide, N2O4 or( at high temperatures) NO2, is a very corrosive volatile liquid, yielding irritant, brownish fumes. N. pentoxide, Nitric anhydride, N2O5, is a crystalline solid which combines with water to form Nitric acid.
Usage examples for nitrogen
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