What does the word physiology mean?

  • The science which treats of the functions of the living organism and its parts, and of the physical and chemical factors and processes involved. ( Dorland, 27th ed)

  • Formerly, Physiology meant the same as Physics, in its extensive signification, now does. At the present day, it includes the science which treats of the functions of animals or vegetables; an acquaintance with the phenomena the aggregate of which constitute life. It is the science of life. It is divided into animal-Zoopthysiologia, or Zoobiologia; and vegetable- Phytophysiologia, or Phytobiologia, according as it considers the life of animals or of vegetables singly. Comparative physiology comprises both. Physiology is, also, general or special, according as it treats of life in the abstract or in some particular species. To the latter belongs the Physiology of Man, -called also, Hygienic Physiology to distinguish it from Pathological Physiology or Pathology.

Usage examples for physiology

  1. Health in the House; Lectures on Elementary Physiology in its Application to the Daily Wants of Man and Animals. – Roumania Past and Present by James Samuelson
  2. And here, under the head of Transcendental Physiology, we purpose putting together sundry laws of development and function which hold not of particular kinds or classes of organisms, but of all organisms: laws, some of which have not, we believe, been hitherto enunciated. – Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I by Herbert Spencer

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